Rosy cheeks, velvet-soft skin. We connect with a baby’s skin. The skin of a newborn is three to five Times thinner than the skin of an adult. In the first weeks after birth, it is, therefore, very sensitive to pressures from the outside, requires special care and adequate protection. So, for example, is developed in the fatty tissue under the skin and temperature regulation through sweat glands sufficient. This babies tend to be prone to cooling or heat accumulation. Only after the first months of life the skin to full function ability. Skin problems such as cradle cap, baby acne and Male are not uncommon. Overall, about two-thirds of all babies suffer from skin dry. Skin problems of the face, moreover, often only starting from the fourth, the fifth month, when the first complementary foods fed.
Baby acne, also Acne neonatorum, called, gets, approximately every fifth Baby in the first six weeks after his birth. To tend to the unsightly pimples, blackheads and pimples the little boys four Times more often than girls. The reason is that babies go through after birth, a Hormonal changes, which can also affect the skin. Do not need to treat the skin blemishes normally. Often the pimples will disappear after two to four weeks, just as quickly as they came. So that the child can not scratch the itchy acne pimples, you should cut your Baby’s finger nails.
Better known families are the term semolina grains or skin Gries. It is with horn material-filled cysts, the glands, the excretory ducts of the sebaceous the skin. They arise, as well as the baby acne, the Hormonal changes that every Baby after his birth is going through. The small white granules, almost every Baby under the skin. Milia can reproduce within days and not only in the face but the entire body. You do not need to be treated, but disappear after a few weeks of alone.
Welding friesel, also Miliaria or prickly Heat are small, water light bubbles on the skin, which occur especially after heavy sweating or a fever. They arise due to Overheating of the skin in a strong flow of Sweat to the glands of the pores and are harmless. Welding friesel way in Places where you sweat, the neck, the torso and the arms are typical.Cradle cap, also infant eczema called, has nothing to do with a milk Allergy. Outwardly, it resembles rather übergekochter milk on the stove.
Typically, the yellow cuticle is found on the scalp. Cradle cap disappears in the course of the first year of life alone. As long as it only affects the scalp, it is mostly harmless. Draws the milk scab in the face – very typical also in the eyebrows – you should ask a pediatrician for advice. Should not scrape off the scab. In order to solve the crusts but something, can massage the scalp with Oil.
The stork bite, nevus flammeus (port-wine stain), is a birthmark that many of the newborn as a red Skin patch on the back of the head, and sometimes on the forehead or on the eyelid. The Hautmal vessels on an extension of the capillary (smallest blood) due to blood vessels. The color changes with the temperature, in the case of arousal (screaming) and with increased blood flow more intense. While the majority of stork bites – especially in the face – to disappear within the first year of life, the Time on the back of the head, too, sometimes for a lifetime. They are not to be confused with the blood sponge, which is a benign of the inner layer of the vessels outgoing vascular proliferation.
The blood sponge, also hemangioma, is a very striking skin changes. About two to three percent of all newborns come with a blood sponge for the world, in every tenth Baby. The most common blood sponges occur on the head and neck. Blood sponges are benign tumors of blood vessels, which are slightly raised and usually not to be malignant. But they show different growth trends: Some of the blood sponges slowly larger, while others recede with time. In the case of babies, they are often at birth only slightly by then, but within the first year of life is becoming stronger.